To research demographic, wellness standing, and https://datingranking.net/dating-in-40/ you can comorbidity differences when considering schizophrenia caregivers, and you can low-caregiver controls, and you can ranging from schizophrenia caregivers, or other caregivers, bivariate analyses was did.
Covariates indexed a lot more than (class and you may fitness features) was registered towards one logistic regression model in order to anticipate providing worry in order to an adult diligent which have schizophrenia vs. perhaps not providing care. Various other separate logistic regression design is go to expect taking care and attention in order to an adult diligent having schizophrenia vs. those people bringing look after adults having a condition aside from schizophrenia. Schizophrenia caregivers were coordinated to help you non-caregiver or other caregiver respondents to the tendency score utilising the “greedy” complimentary algorithm . A-1:dos matching ratio was then followed, per schizophrenia caregiver try matched up to help you a couple of low-caregiver control respondents and alone so you can a few caregivers from almost every other requirements. Post-match, differences when considering such groups was lso are-checked to verify adequate coordinating. Including, the newest coordinating is restricted so as that every matches were in this per 5EU nation.
Differences on HRQoL, and self-reported comorbidities were examined post-matching to quantify the burden of schizophrenia caregiving as a function of humanistic outcomes. Chi-square and ANOVA tests were used to test for statistical differences across i) those providing care for an adult relative with schizophrenia vs. those not providing care for an adult relative and ii) those providing care for an adult relative with schizophrenia vs. those providing care for an adult relative with a condition other than schizophrenia. Statistical significance was set at 2-tailed p <0.05.
A total of 398 schizophrenia caregivers, 158,989 non-caregivers control and you can fourteen,341 caregivers away from most other conditions was in fact known thru 5EU NHWS across 2010, 2011 and you may 2013. Contained in this complete shot out-of 173,728 grownups along the 5EU, twenty five.4 % was in fact inside the France, twenty five.3 % into the Germany, twenty-five.6 % in the uk, fourteen.0 % for the Italy, and 9.6 % in the Spain.
Schizophrenia caregivers compared to. non-caregivers
The average age of schizophrenia caregivers was 45.3 years (SD = 15.8 years), 59.6 % were female, 52.5 % were currently employed, and 14.8 % reported an income of ? ˆ50,000/??40,000. Before matching, schizophrenia caregivers compared with non-caregivers, were more likely to be female (59.6 % vs. 51.4 %), less likely to be married/living with partner (57.4 % vs. 62.8 %), reported lower annual household income, were less likely to be employed (52.5 % vs. 57.7 %), more likely to currently smoke (36.7 % vs. 26.1 %), and reported greater comorbidity burden via the CCI, all p <0.05. No statistically significant differences on age, education level, BMI, alcohol use, and exercise behaviors were found between the two groups (see Table 1).
After propensity matching, schizophrenia caregivers were more likely to report experiencing sleep difficulties (42.7 % vs. 28.5 %), insomnia (32.4 % vs. 18.5 %), pain (39.7 % vs. 30.4 %), headaches (48.0 % vs. 42.0 %), heartburn (31.7 % vs. 22.9 %), anxiety (37.9 % vs. 23.6 %), and depression (29.4 % vs. 19.4 %) in the past 12 months than non-caregivers, all p <0.05. Based on the PHQ-9, schizophrenia caregivers reported greater severity of depressive symptoms than non-caregivers (p <0.001). Schizophrenia caregivers were also more likely to currently be using a prescription medication to treat depression (17.6 % vs. 8.2 %, p <0.001) than non-caregiver controls. Schizophrenia caregivers reported significantly lower MCS (40.3 vs. 45.9), PCS (46.8 vs. 49.0), and health utility (0.64 vs. 0.71), compared with non-caregivers (all p <0.001) (see Table 2).
Schizophrenia against. other caregivers
Before propensity matching, schizophrenia caregivers compared with caregivers of other conditions, were younger (45.3 vs. 49.1 years), less likely to be married/living with a partner (57.4 % vs. 68.1 %), had lower annual household income, were more likely to currently smoke (36.7 % vs. 29.2 %), and reported greater comorbidity burden, all p <0.05. No statistically significant differences on gender, education level, employment status, BMI, alcohol use, and exercise behaviors were found between the two groups (see Table 3).